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Adding Content by Using Dreamweaver / Demonstrate knowledge of Hypertext Markup Language
Abbreviated HTML. A standard document formatting language used to create Web pages and other hypertext documents. HTML is a subset of Standardized General Markup Language (SGML). HTML defines the appearance and placement on the page of elements such as fonts, graphics, text, links to other Web sites, and so on; it has nothing to do with the actual material presented. Hypertext documents often have the filename extension .htm or .html. The published HTML standards have been revised several times. HTML version 2 was the first version widely used on the World Wide Web and supported by the popular Web browsers of the day. Subsequent revisions to the standard have added new HTML elements such as tables, text flow around images, frames, applets, and style sheets. Future HTML revisions will be developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), at least in theory; the manufacturers of the most popular browsers have driven this process in the past by creating their own non-standard HTML
elements. HTML has been vital in the development of the World Wide Web; however, the functions that it performs via the Web browser are becoming restrictive. In part, this has led to the development of other technologies, such as Java, Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML), and Extensible Markup Language (XML). Extensible Hyper Text Markup Language (XHTML), a combination of HTML and XML, will be the new standard for Web browsers.
Getting started with HyperText Markup Language – the basics
HTML pages always start with a doctype to tell the browser which version of HTML to expect.
The doctype for HTML5 is <!DOCTYPE html>
Elements and tags
Elements start and end with tags. These are formed from angled brackets < > with code inside. The page must start with the <html> element. This says to the browser "everything that follows will be html until you reach the closing tag </html>".
The head element contains information about the page, but nothing that will be displayed on the page itself.
The main element is <title>. This tells the browser what it should display in its title bar (that’s the bit at the top of the screen that houses the internet search function).
All the meta data (useful for SEO purposes) will be housed here too, as will the link to your CSS file.
Close with one of these tags: </head>
All the rest of the HTML is wrapped up inside a body element.
This will include <p> tags telling the browser to break your text up into paragraphs, <div> tags indicating different sections, and headers. Headers range in size from <h1> to <h6> and as well as helping to break up passages of text, search engines use them to decide what your web pages are about.
You’ll find tags available to cover almost everything you could think of doing. Building lists, navigation, inserting links, images, videos and even formatting (although the latter is much better left to CSS).
For an exhaustive list take a look at code gurus, Mozilla.
And don’t forget to close with one of these tags: </body>