You have selected free tutorial of the AutoDesk for the Adobe Certified Associate (ACA) :
Adobe Certified Associate in Print & Digital Media Using Adobe InDesign CS 6 / CC
Topics : Identifying Design Elements When Preparing Page Layouts : Demonstrate knowledge of typography
Take a selection of fonts, set them in the same point size, and you’ll find that some look bigger than others. This is a legacy from the days of metal type when point size referred to the size of the metal block on which the type was cast. Some typefaces occupied more space within their blocks than others. Today, point size refers not to the size of a metal block, but to the size of its digital equivalent: the bounding box that surrounds each letter. We measure the space in which the type lives, not the letter itself; some fonts occupy relatively more of that space than others. For this reason, let your eye guide you, not the point size.
Many typeface names are in the public domain, and many of the typefaces we work with are revivals or interpretations of the originals. Anyone with font editing software can create a typeface and call it "Garamond" — just because something is called Garamond, doesn’t mean it’s going to look the same as somebody else’s Garamond. Sometimes interpretations of a typeface can be dramatically different from each other in much the same way as interpretations of the same song may be more notable for how unlike they are rather than how similar. For this reason, be specific about which Garamond you’re using and what vendor supplied it.
Everything in InDesign relates to type in one way or another, but here is to point out the most frequently used type-related menu and panel options. InDesign preferences that control how type behaves. As with any of the big-hitter design applications these days, there’s usually more than one way to do something. Sometimes, it’s merely a matter of preference. Other times, new features have been added that improve on old features — and so that veteran users aren’t alienated, the old menu options remain. We all work differently, and InDesign encourages customization.
■ Don’t use first-line indents and paragraph spacing. It’s an either/or proposition.
■ Don’t use first line-indents on centered or right-aligned type.
■ If a paragraph follows a heading or subhead, the fi rst-line indent is unnecessary.
■ Dropping the fi rst-line indent and adding a line of spacing before a paragraph is a simple way to indicate a separation without implying a hierarchical diff erence between two paragraphs.
Drop Capital letter
Apply a nested style to words after the drop cap. Choose Drop Caps And Nested Styles from the list in the left column. Specify the number of lines to sink the fi rst character and the number of characters that you want to include.
When working with OpenType fonts, there is also the option of using all small caps (rather than the first character of each word being a full-size cap).Superscript is typically used for ordinals in numbers or for footnotes. Subscript is used for scientific notation. With OpenType typefaces, rather than use the Superscript and Subscript buttons on the Control Panel, choose Superior/ Superior or Subscript/Inferior from the OpenType flyout menu.